为什么 STEM 很重要?STEM 教育对社会的影响

STEM education goes beyond school subjects. It gives a skill set that governs the way we think and behave. Merging science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, STEM education helps us to solve the challenges the world faces today. Let’s see what STEM means in the global context and how it influences the development of our society.

STEM 教育超越了学校的学科范围,它提供了支配我们思考和行为方式的技能。STEM 教育融合了科学(Science)、技术(Technology)、工程(Engineering)和数学(Mathematics),可帮助我们解决当今世界面临的挑战。让我们看看 STEM 在全球范围内的含义以及它如何影响我们的社会发展。

培养能有所作为的 STEM 专家

Preparation of STEM Experts Who Can Make a Difference

STEM education gives people skills that make them more employable and ready to meet the current labor demand. It encompasses the whole range of experiences and skills. Each STEM component brings a valuable contribution to a well-rounded education. Science gives learners an in-depth understanding of the world around us. It helps them to become better at research and critical thinking. Technology prepares young people to work in an environment full of high-tech innovations. Engineering allows students to enhance problem-solving skills and apply knowledge in new projects. Mathematics enables people to analyze information, eliminate errors, and make conscious decisions when designing solutions. STEM education links these disciplines into a cohesive system. Thus, it prepares professionals who can transform society with innovation and sustainable solutions.

STEM 教育为人们提供技能,使他们更具就业能力,随时可以满足当前的劳动力需求。它涵盖了全面的经验和技能。每个 STEM 组成部分都为全面的教育做出了宝贵的贡献。科学(Science)使学习者对我们周围的世界有深入的了解,帮助他们在研究和批判性思维方面变得更好;技术(Technology)让年轻人为在充满高科技创新的环境中工作做好准备;工程学(Engineering)使学生能够提高解决问题的能力,并在新项目中运用知识;数学(Mathematics)使人们能够在设计解决方案时分析信息,消除错误并做出有意义的决策。STEM 教育将这些科学联系成一个凝聚系统,因此,它培养了能够通过创新和可持续解决方案改变社会的专业人士。

The STEM approach to education fosters creativity and divergent thinking alongside fundamental disciplines. It motivates and inspires young people to generate new technologies and ideas. With a focus on practice and innovation, students get to learn from inquiry-based assignments. STEM education gives an understanding of concepts and encourages knowledge application. To keep it short, its aim can be formulated in two simple actions: explore and experience. Students are free to exercise what they learn and embrace mistakes in a risk-free environment. Project-based learning and problem-solving help learners to form a special mindset. Its core is in flexibility and curiosity, which equips learners to respond to real-world challenges.

STEM 教育方法可与基础学科一起培养创造力和发散性思维,它激励和激发年轻人产生新技术和新想法。专注于实践和创新,学生可以从探究式作业(inquiry-based assignments)中学习。STEM 教育有助于理解概念并鼓励知识应用,简而言之,可以通过两个简单的动作来实现它的目标:探索和体验。在无风险的环境中,学生可以自由地运用所学知识并检视错误。基于项目的学习和解决问题的方法可以帮助学习者形成特殊的心态。它的核心在于灵活性和好奇心,使学习者能够应对现实世界中的挑战。

STEM 加强团队合作与沟通

STEM-Enhanced Teamwork and Communication

STEM education prepares the world for the future. It is based on teamwork and collaboration of professionals from different disciplines. As a STEM student, you do not need to be an expert in each particular subject. You rather acquire a mindset that enables you to become a part of the highly qualified workforce, which functions in collaboration. Teamwork brings a significant increase in productivity, work satisfaction, and profitability.

STEM 教育为未来做好准备,它基于不同学科专业人士的团队合作与协作。作为 STEM 的学生,你无需成为每个领域的专家,而是树立这样一种心态 —— 让你成为能在协作中发挥作用的高素质员工队伍的一部分。团队合作显著提高了生产效率、工作满意度和盈利能力。

Active engagement of experts from diverse fields will drive change in our society. STEM education exposes students to effective interdisciplinary communication. Scientists research and experiment, offering the team discoveries. Technology experts provide gadgets that can make the work of the team more effective. Engineers help to solve challenges by designing and running platforms that enable change. Mathematicians analyze information to eliminate mistakes and provide precise calculations. Our world is continuously changing. The only way we can be ready for its challenges is through communication and collaboration.

来自各个领域的专家的积极参与将推动我们社会的变革,STEM 教育使学生能够进行有效的跨学科交流。科学家进行研究和实验,为团队提供创新发现;技术专家提供的小工具可以使团队的工作更有效;工程师通过设计和运行支持变化的平台来帮助解决挑战;数学家分析信息以消除错误并提供精确的计算。我们的世界在不断变化,我们准备好应对挑战的唯一方法是通过沟通和协作。

Collaborative experience also helps to broaden the impact of STEM education. Working with local experts and our international colleagues, we can promote our values and move towards a single purpose. This way, we improve communities, offering new educational and employment opportunities. Such open access to world-class experience is possible only when we combine our knowledge and capabilities.

协作经验还有助于扩大 STEM 教育的影响力。当与当地专家和我们的国际同事合作,可以促进我们的价值观并朝着同一目标前进。这样,我们改善了社区、提供了新的教育和就业机会。只有将我们的知识和能力结合在一起,才有可能实现这种对世界一流经验的开放获取。

社会意识

Social Awareness

There is a high demand for STEM skills in society. STEM education enables people to make informed decisions within the discussed subject areas. Moreover, STEM awareness is necessary for any job as most industries are more or less connected to science and technology: from an essay writing service and college to a paper company. Thus, such education will allow children to grow into active citizens who can speak up in STEM discussions with sound knowledge of the subject.

社会上对 STEM 技能的需求很高,STEM 教育使人们能够在讨论的主题领域内做出明智的决策。此外,对于任何工作,都必须具备 STEM 意识,因为大多数行业或多或少都与科学技术联系在一起 —— 从论文写作服务、大学到造纸公司。因此,这样的教育将使孩子成长为积极的公民,他们可以在 STEM 讨论中畅所欲言,并且对该主题有充分的了解。

STEM awareness promotes interest in a range of exciting careers. Currently, some STEM occupations are understaffed. For example, according to the projections, the U.S. will need 1 million more STEM experts in the near future. Besides, one of the goals of STEM initiatives is to encourage broader participation of women and minorities in the STEM workforce. This allows us to bridge ethnic and gender gaps. We need the engagement and participation of schools, policymakers, parents, students, and educators. This is the only way to continue technological and scientific progress.

STEM 意识激发了人们对一系列令人兴奋的职业的兴趣。当前,一些 STEM 职业人员不足。例如,根据预测,在不久的将来,美国将需要增加 100 万名 STEM 专家。此外,STEM 计划的目标之一是鼓励妇女和少数族裔更广泛地参与到 STEM 行列,从而减小种族和性别上的差距。我们需要学校、决策者、父母、学生和教育者的参与,这是使科技保持进步的唯一途径。

应对挑战的可持续解决方案

Sustainable Solutions to Challenges

STEM subjects are focused on providing solutions to the concerns society has today. Human history had seen years of thoughtless exhaustion of natural resources. Such a lack of environmental education led to numerous challenges. These issues affect the health and well-being of all living organisms on our planet. Our environment needs protection. Thus, sustainability became one of the most urgent aspects studied by STEM disciplines.

STEM 主题致力于为当今社会关注的问题提供解决方案。人类历史上已经经历了数年不计其数的自然资源枯竭,缺乏环境教育导致了如今的许多挑战。这些问题影响到地球上所有生物的健康和福祉,我们的环境需要保护。因此,可持续性成为 STEM 学科研究的最紧迫的方面之一。

The youth is more worried about climate change than the older generation. As statistics shows, 70% of young people aged 18 to 34 worry about global warming. STEM education can answer their questions. It can teach them how to find the necessary solutions for sustainable development. Education is a powerful tool that ensures the rise of STEM literate society. Well-educated community members can find ways to work in a competitive world. They will use sustainable practices that do not harm nature. In the bigger picture, economic and social progress is tightly connected to the environment. We need to work our way to a sustainable future. Yet, it is possible to accomplish only with STEM skills, experiences, and a multi-disciplinary approach.

与上一代相比,现在的青年人更担心气候变化。据统计,年龄在 18 至 34 岁之间的年轻人中有 70% 担心全球变暖。STEM 教育可以回答他们的问题,它可以教会他们如何找到可持续发展的必要解决方案。教育是确保 STEM 文化社会崛起的强大工具,受过良好教育的社区成员可以找到在竞争激烈的世界中工作的方法。他们将使用不损害自然的可持续做法。从更大的角度看,经济和社会进步与环境息息相关,我们需要努力实现可持续的未来。但是,只有通过 STEM 技能、经验和多学科方法才有可能实现。

总结一下

To Sum Up

The world we live in is changing, and we must keep pace with it. STEM education changes society by offering learners a new mindset and skills valued in any profession. They allow young people to be flexible, look for patterns, find connections, and evaluate information. Besides, STEM education raises social awareness. It communicates global issues to the general public. Therefore, STEM opportunities move us to a knowledge-based economy and enhanced sustainability literacy.

我们生活的世界正在变化,我们必须与时俱进。STEM 教育通过为学习者提供新的思维方式和技能来改变社会,而这种思维方式和技能在任何专业中都得到重视,它们使年轻人变得灵活、寻找模式、寻找联系并评估信息。此外,STEM 教育提高了社会意识,并向公众传达了全球问题。因此,STEM 的发展将把我们推向知识型经济,并提高了公众的可持续发展素养。

原文链接:https://www.studyusa.com/en/a/2157/why-is-stem-important-the-impact-of-stem-education-on-society

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